Following realization of the need for a national ICT network of Universities and other Higher education institutions as far back as the year 2000; in January, 2002, sixteen Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) signed a MoU to establish the National Research and Education Network which was named TENET. The effort somehow did not bear any fruit until the name was taken up by the South African Universities network. However, in March 2007, 52 Tanzanian higher education institutions formally adopted the new constitution of the new national research and education network renamed to TERNET, an organization that will eventually connect all higher education and research institutions in Tanzania.
TERNET was formally registered as a trust on 11th April, 2008 and on 18th April, 2008 it became member of UbuntuNet Alliance. TERNET is established to facilitate affordable access to national and international information resources as a consortium, as well as to advise, facilitate and coordinate education and research resource sharing, and to facilitate the enhancement of e-libraries, research databases, and e-learning capacity building in Tanzania. The network is expected to offer the opportunity for the educational and research institutions to communicate easily at very low costs through a reliable infrastructure. The network is a keen follower of the internal connection efforts of Tanzania as well as its connection to the global ICT infrastructure. The activities of the NREN are overseen by the Board of Trustees (BoT), assisted by the Council which is composed by all registered heads of higher education and research institutions in Tanzania. The council is assisted by technical and executive committees. Currently, TERNET secretariat is composed of executive secretary, deputy executive secretary, accountant, e-library specialist, and two (2) network engineers, and is hosted by the Open University of Tanzania (OUT). With the exception of the 2 engineers who are full time staff, other secretariat staff are working permanently with OUT, and on part-time, volunteering basis with TERNET.
TERNET Network Operation Center (NOC) is hosted at Commission for Science and Technology (COSTECH) building. The commission has also facilitated the purchase of the first STM 1 connection from SEACOM, which is now distributed to 8 institutions (College of Business Education, Hubert Kairuki Memorial University, Ministry of Education and Vocational Training, Open University of Tanzania, Ardhi University, Dar es salaam Institute of Technology, Institute of Social Work and National Accreditation for Technical Education (NACTE) ) connected to the NOC.
TERNET is also facilitating the e-library system, and currently COSTECH and the 8 institutions mentioned above are using the system.
- TERNET has managed to establish the Network Operation Center with some basic equipments.
- In collaboration with CISCO, trained some network manager in the area of network management.
- The government has started the initiative to connect some universities (27 out of 300+ TERNET members) to the TERNET NOC
- TERNET is involved in the AfriConnect project under Ubuntunet Alliance which is intending to connect all the NRENs in Africa.
- In collaboration with Network Startup Resource Center (NSRC), TERNET is planning to conduct training on “Campus Network Design for Network Engineers and Architects” and “Linux/Unix System Administration for System Administrators.” This is planned from to April 2012 at Dar es Salaam Institute of Technology (DIT).